CSS Public Administration 2020

PART-II

No. 2. Compare and Contrast the Bureaucratic Model with New Public Management (NPM). Do you think NPM is relevant to developing countries like Pakistan? Support your argument with key indicators. (20)

No. 3. Trace how the strategic management process has evolved. Also discuss the opportunities and constraints on collaborative approaches to an effective strategy development and its implementation. (20)

No. 4. Describe the role of government in HRM at enterprise level. Elaborate key challenges in Public sector enterprises in Pakistan and way forward. (20)

No. 5. Describe the four basic stages in the rational model of decision making and problem solving. When do bounded rationality, satisficing and heuristics enter your own decision making for better? For worse? (20)

No. 6. Critically Analyze NRB-5Ds Model developed in 2001 in context with; Devolution of Political Process, Distribution of Resources to Districts, Diffusion of Power Authority Nexus, Deconcentrating of Management Functions and Decentralization of Administrative authority. (20)

No. 7. "Bureaucracy and Democracy are antithetical. Bureaucracy is hierarchical, elitist, specialized, and informed while democracy is communal, pluralist, generalized, and illinformed". Discuss this statement keeping in view the quantum of expectations in Pakistan and the reality of the civic culture. (20)

No. 8. Write comprehensive notes on the following:- (10 each)

(a) Public Business Re-Engineering (b) Governance Challenges in Pakistan (20)