CSS Islamic History & Culture 2008

PART – I (MCQ)

(COMPULSORY)

Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)

(i) The Holy Quran was first compiled during the caliphate of Hazrat _________

 (a) Muhammad (PBUH)

 (b) Abu Bakr Siddique (R.A.)

 (c) Uthman (R.A.)

 (d) None of these

(ii) Hazrat Umar was Caliph for ________

 (a) 2 years

 (b) 4 years

 (c) 10 years

 (d) None of these

(iii) The orthodox caliphate lasted for ________

 (a) 26 years

 (b) 29 years

 (c) 32 years

 (d) None of these

(iv) Hazrat Ali was martyred in the year _________

 (a) 650 AD

 (b) 656 AD

 (c) 661 AD

 (d) None of these

(v) The Umayyad Dynasty was put to an end in the year ________

 (a) 660 AD

 (b) 750 AD

 (c) 770 AD

(d) None of these

(vi) The Abbasid Dynasty ruled for just over __________

 (a) Five Centuries (b) Two Centuries

 (c) Three Centuries (d) None of these

(vii) The Islamic Calendar (hijra) started in the year _______

 (a) 622 AD

(b) 620 AD

 (c) 611 AD

(d) None of these

(viii) The famous Al-Muwatta was written by _______

 (a) Imam Malik

(b) Imam Abu Hanifa

 (c) Imam Muslim

(d) Imam Hanbal

(ix) The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) migrated to Madina in ________

 (a) 615 AD

(b) 622 AD

 (c) 625 AD

(d) None of these

(x) The last Umayyad ruler at Damascus was __________

 (a) Marwan II

(b) Abdul Aziz

 (c) Abdul Rahman

(d) None of these

(xi) The founder of the Umayyad Dynasty was __________

(a) Yazid

(b) Abd al Malik

(c) Muawiyah 

(d) None of these

(xii) Baybars, the Mamluke Sultan of Egypt, took ___________ to install him as Abbasid caliph in Cairo in the year 1261 AD.

(a) Al-Mustansir

(b) Al-Hakim

(c) Al-Mustakfi-I

(d) None of these

(xiii) The founder of the Umayyad Dynasty in Spain was ________

(a) Khalid bin Walid

(b) Moosa bin Nysair

(c) Abdur Rahman I

(d) None of these

(xiv) The Ottoman Sultan Salim took _______ from Cairo to Istanbul to install him as Caliph.

(a) Al-Mutawakkil III

(b) Al-Qa’im

(c) Al-Mustamsik

(d) None of these

(xv) Under which Caliph, Sindh was invaded by Muhammad bin Qasim in 711 AD?

(a) Muawiyah

(b) Al-Walid I

(c) Abdul Malik

(d) None of these

(xvi) When did the Ottomans cross into Europe?

(a) 1357 AD

(b) 1520 AD

(c) 1550 AD

(d) None of these

(xvii) When was Hungary brought under Ottoman rule?

(a) 1521 AD

(b) 1526 AD

(c) 1530 AD

(d) None of these

(xviii) Kemal Attaturk ended the Ottoman Caliphate and deposed Abdul Majid II in ______

(a) 1920

(b) 1922

(c) 1924

(d) None of these

(xix) Which Ottoman Ruler took the Abbasid Caliphate to Istanbul?

(a) Sulaiman I

(b) Salim I

(c) Al-Mustansar

(d) None of these

(xx) The Ottoman Empire lasted for over ________.

(a) Five Centuries

(b) Six Centuries

(c) Seven Centuries

(d) None of these

PART – II

Q.2. The Holy Prophet Muhammad peace and blessing be upon him, gave a charter for the welfare of humanity, discuss the salient feature of that charter. (20)

Q.3. The Holy Quran and Sunnah set forth the path for believers in the quest of knowledge. Discuss with examples. (20)

Q.4. Give an account on the expansion of the Islamic state during the period of Orthodox Caliphs. (20)

Q.5. Write short notes on ANY TWO on the following: (20)

 (i) Ashra Mubashra

 (ii) Khulfa-i-Rashedin

 (iii) Al-Muwatta

 (iv) Ibn-Khaldun

 (v) Damascus mosque

 (vi) Dome of the Rock

 (vii) Samarra

Q.6. How did the Abbasid Court patronize the philosophical, scientific and literary progress? (20)

Q.7. Why do the Europeans call Sulaiman I, as Sulaiman the Magnificient? (20)

Q.8. Give an account of the conquest of Europe by the Ottomans. (20)