CSS Geography 2018



No. 2. Discuss Plate Geography in the light of Plate Tectonics theory and discuss with examples impact of plate movements on development of land forms. (20)

No. 3. What is Isostasy? Discuss differences between Airy's and Pratt's concepts with a critical discussion on Global Isostatic Adjustment. (20)

No. 4. What are air masses and fronts? How are they classified? Discuss their impact on world weather. (20)

No. 5. Give classification of hazards and discuss steps taken in Pakistan to monitor, mitigate and manage natural disasters. (20)


No. 6. What is the difference between traditional and modern approaches to planning for Tourism as per opinion of Geographers? Discuss with reference to the industry in Pakistan. (20)

No. 7. What are Development Indicators? How are they related to Social and Economic Indicators? Discuss with reference to welfare approach in Human Geography. (20)

No. 8. Write short notes on any TWO of the following: (10 each)

(a) Malthusian theory of Population Growth (b) Weber's theory of Industrial Location (c) Karst topography (20)