CSS Geography 2013



Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (1 x 20=20)

(i) The term ‘geography’ was first used by:

(a) Ptolemy

(b) Strabo

(c) Eratosthenes

(d) None of these

(ii) “There are no necessities, only possibilities”. This approach of ‘Possibilism’ was the idea of:

(a) Lucien Fabvre

(b) Vidal-de-La Blache

(c) Alfred Hettner

(d) None of these

(iii) Ellen C. Semple’s ideas were rooted in:

(a) Possibilism

(b) Environmental Determinism

(c) Probabilism

(d) None of these

(iv) All of the following countries are major exporters of fish except:

(a) Japan

(b) Norway

(c) India

(d) None of these

(v) Shifting cultivation is known by all of the following names except:

(a) Ladang

(b) Milpa

(c) Transhumance

(d) None of these

(vi) Due to the outdoor nature of their work, Primary producers have been labelled _____ workers:

(a) Blue-collar

(b) Red-collar

(c) Green-collar

(d) None of these

(vii) Truck farming mean:

(a) Farming by trucks

(b) Production of trucks

(c) Vegetable growing

(d) None of these

(viii) The length of the coastline of Nepal is:

(a) 2562 Km

(b) 5000 Km

(c) 0 Km

(d) None of these

(ix) The sub-Himalayas or outermost Himalayas is also known as:

(a) Lesser Himalayas

(b) Great Snowy Himalayas

(c) The Siwaliks

(d) None of these

(x) ‘Rab-ul-Kali’ desert is located in:

(a) Africa

(b) Pakistan

(c) Saudi Arabia

(d) None of these

(xi) Rivers White Nile and Blue Nile converge at:

(a) Khartoum

(b) Sudan

(c) Omdurman

(d) None of these

(xii) Haphazard cutting and burning of vegetation is part of _____ agriculture.

(a) Nomadic

(b) Shifting

(c) Subsistence

(d) None of these

(xiii) Which of the following is not a fuel?

(a) Magnetite

(b) Lignite

(c) Natural Gas

(d) None of these

(xiv) The Suez Canal was constructed in:

(a) 1869

 (b) 1857

(c) 1971

(d) None of these

(xv) Panama Canal lies in:

(a) North America

(b) South America

(c) Forms the boundary between North and South America.

(d) None of these

(xvi) In economic geography Isotims and Isodapanes are related to :

(a) Transport cost

(b) Retailing

(c) Barter trade

(d) None of these

(xvii) The portion of the world permanently inhabited by man is called:

(a) Ecosystem

(b) Ecumene

(c) MDC

(d) None of these

(xviii) The five rivers of Punjab join the Indus at:

(a) Pathankot

(b) Mithankot

(c) Hazara

(d) None of these

(xix) The height of Mount Everest is about;

(a) 8000 m

(b) 8848 m

(c) 9000 m

(d) None of these

(xx) The length of Indus river is about:

(a) 2900 Km

(b) 2500 Km

(c) 3500 Km

(d) None of these


Q.2. Discuss man-environment relationship in the light of Determinism and Possibilism. (20)

Q.3. Discuss the Crises of Numbers in South Asia with special reference to the Dilemma in Pakistan. (20)

Q.4. Define ‘Urbanization’. Give a critical assessment of the process of urbanization in Pakistan. (20)

Q.5. “Agriculture is the linchpin of the economy of South Asia”. Discuss critically with special reference to Pakistan. (20)

Q.6. To what extent are water resources likely to act as a limit to economic development in Pakistan? Elaborate your answer with a futuristic outlook. (20)

Q.7. “The twentieth century witnessed the war for oil. The twenty-first century will witness the war for water.” Discuss the above statement with special reference to Indo-Pak scenario. (20)

Q.8. Write short notes on ANY TWO of the following: (10 +10 = 20)

(i) Petroleum production in Middle East.

(ii) Tourism in Pakistan.

(iii) Cultural Diffusion.

(iv) Migration.