CSS Pakistan Affairs 2011

Q.1. Briefly analyze and discuss the contribution of the religious reformers – Sheikh Ahmad Sirhindi, Shah Waliullah, Syed Ahmad Barelvi and the like – in the growth of Muslim consciousness in the South-Asian subcontinent. (20)

Q.2. John Plamenatz defines ‘Nationalism’ as “the desire to preserve or enhance peoples national or cultural identity, when that identity is threatened or the desire to transform or even create it when it is felt to be inadequate or lacking.” In the light of above definition, briefly but comprehensively discuss the respective roles played by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan, Allama Iqbal and the Quaid-e-Azam in strengthening the Muslim nationalism in India. (20)

Q.3. Describe the main contents and relative importance of the Lucknow Pact and Delhi Muslim Proposals and their respective impact on the subsequent political developments in India. (20)

Q.4. Can the Lahore Resolution be termed as the ‘Magna Carta’ of Pakistan? Take a position and support your argument by historical facts, if any. (20)

Q.5. Give a critical appraisal of the constitutional crisis/crises initiated by the controversial actions taken by Governor General Ghulam Muhammad and endorsed by the superior Court of Pakistan. Discuss and analyze its effects on the subsequent history of Pakistan. (20)

Q.6. Federalism has been a continuing cause of political tension in our country. Will the 18th amendment made in the Constitution by the present Government solve this issue once for all? Take a position and support with your argument. (20)

Q.7. Given the problems that Pakistan is facing today, what is your vision of Pakistan in the year 2011? How, in your opinion, can be its internal and external problems solved? (20)