CSS European History 2012

PART-II

Q.2. What were the similarities and differences in the views of Voltaire, Montesquieu and Rousseau? Enumerate their achievements. (20)

Q.3. “If the conquests of Napoleon were ephemeral, his civilian work in France was built upon granite”. Explain. (20)

Q.4. “I have come to the world either too early or too late.” (Metternich). Explain this and make an estimate of his work as a Statesman and as a Prime Minister. (20)

Q.5. Explain the causes of the establishment of the Bourgeoise monarchy of Louis Philippes. Do you hold it responsible for the Revolution of 1848 in France? (20)

Q.6. Compare the ideals of Cavour and Bismarck in achieving the unification of their respective countries. (20)

Q.7. “The Eastern Question had long perplexed the powers of Europe, and had, at the same time, lured them on to seek their own advantage in its labyrinthine mazes”. Discuss. (20)

Q.8. Write short notes on any TWO of the following: (2x10=20)

(i) Treaty of Chaumont

(ii) The French in North Africa

(iii) The Bolsheviks and Mensheviks

(iv) The Triple Entente 1907