CSS Agriculture & Forestry 2015

PART-II

Q.2. Define IPM and IVM. In what different situations will you use both when you are very specific to a cause? Discuss their limitations and success in our system. (20)

Q.3. Agriculture has shifted to value added concepts. What does it mean and how would you comment on this if you are supporting better out puts from your fields. (20)

Q.4. What are nitrogen fixing organisms found in agriculture and natural systems? Discuss their role in detail. Soil carbon storage is a vital ecosystem service, resulting from interactions of ecological processes. Comment. (20)

Q.5. What is the application of genetic engineering in Agriculture? Discuss your answer in the light of latest achievements covering plants and animals. (20)

Q.6. What are the future concerns of begomoviral in Pakistan? Where is it likely to hit and on what crops? Give a management approach to this. (20)

Q.7. Explain farming system along with factors influencing the system. What are the types of farming systems in Pakistan? (20)

Q.8. Writer notes on any FOUR of the following: (5 each)

(a) Tunnel farming their concerns and prospects

(b) Drug-resistant “super-bugs”

(c) Vermicomposting

(d) Crop growth promotion through allelopathic water extracts

(e) Corporate farming

(f) Kitchen Gardening a production technology for winter